Welcome to Indian Art Museum

Religion in India

India is a religious country, having served as the birthplace for many of the world's major
religions--namely, Brahmanism, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.
Later on, through foreign tribes, Islam and Christianity were introduced as well.
Hinduism, the religion the vast majority of Indians believe today, is a philosophical belief system
formed from the union of Brahmanism, a primitive religion practiced by the Aryans, and folk religion.
From the 4th century up to the present day, it has consistently been an absolute influence
on the history, art, philosophy, and even the very way of life of the Indian people.

Buddhism was founded around the 5th century B.C. by Sakyamuni, otherwise known as
Siddharta Gotama, and further refined by the kings Asoka and Kanisyuka, spreading across all of Asia.
Until the 6th century A.D. Buddhism flourished, leading to the creation of Sanchi stupa, Gandhara art,
Gupta art, and the creation of temples such as Ellora and Ajanta. Later, however, Buddhism was
gradually absorbed by Hinduism, and found itself on the decline due to Islamic invasions.
Islam is the foreign religion that has had the most influence on India. Islamic forces invaded
India from the 8th century onward, ruling northern India for a long time and leading to the creation
of buildings such as the Taj Mahal as well as art forms such as miniature paintings.

Art and Craft in India

Though many artifacts, such as terracotta seals, jewelry, and coins have been recovered from
Indus civilization sites, most are from the modern era. Even today, many works are being created
in the traditional way. This craftsmanship is closely related to the lives and religion of the Indians,
and offers us a glimpse into their lives and aesthetic values.

The most famous Indian craft is undoubtedly that of textiles; their unique dyeing techniques and
beautiful embroidery are widely known. Each region of India's vast territory, with its unique climate and
geographical conditions, has led to an immense assortment of styles, patterns, and colors.
Wood and stonecraft boast the longest history of the Indian crafts, the delicate work of
Indian craftsmen being proudly displayed in both architecture and religion.
The Indians also produced many household goods and brightly colored toys.
Metal, glass, and porcelain were widely used to make both everyday and ceremonial vessels.
In particular, metal crafting using the Bidri (inlaid) and Dhokra (lost-wax) techniques are well known.

Indian life and culture

India's climate, history and diverse culture have had an enormous impact on
Indians' lives. To prevent sunburn in the hot weather, garments covering
the whole body such as saris were developed.
Under the influence of Islam Punjabi dress, the long shirt and pants were
introduced the form varies depending on the region, but, for example, they
are mainly white in the large forested areas, and vivid primary colors
such as red, gold, and light green in the desert.
Likewise, diet was affected by the climate and religion. People in northern the Muslim regions do not
eat pork, have eaten rice as a staple food since the development of domesticated wheat and animal
husbandry, and use a lot of yogurt and butter, called 'ghee'. People in the northern Hindu regions do
not eat beef, eat a lot of fried food due to the heat, and rice has been a staple food since the
development of rice farming along the coast. Spices such as curry were developed to prevent the
spoilage of food due to the hot weather. Housing types also vary depending on the climate.
Due to cold winter, houses in the northern regions are built using stones with small windows and
entrances to preserve heat, and in the desert regions are built using mud with flat roofs layered
with mud to block the heat, and in the mid-south's hot and humid zones houses are built with
ventilation holes and thatched roofs inclined to facilitate the drainage of water. In addition,
houses in the southwestern regions such as Goa exhibit Portuguese and British characteristics that
can be traced to their historical influence on the region.